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Horticulture

Course Descriptions

HORT 102: Horticulture Plant Science

Credits: 4.0

Plants: how do they function, what are they made out of, why are they known by such unusual names? The answers to these questions and more will be presented in this botany for gardeners class.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Name, define, and describe the major subject areas which comprise the science and art of horticulture.  [REASON] 
  2. Name and describe the general morphology and internal anatomy of flowering vascular plants (Angiospermae).  [REASON] 
  3. Define and describe the basic rules and utility of taxonomic nomenclature, the most often used taxonomic ranks, and the importance of classification systems.  [REASON] 
  4. Define and describe in general terms the concepts associated with the horticultural physiology and cultivated ecology of plants and their application in horticultural practice.  [REASON] 

HORT 104: Agroecology: an Ecological Approach to Agriculture

Credits: 5.0

An ecological approach to agriculture including the interactions of crops with the environment, soil building and ecology, developing diverse cropping systems, managing biological competition, culminating in a whole systems perspective on sustainable agriculture.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Compare and evaluate the effect of agricultural practices on the environment, human health and the economy.  [REASON] 
  2. Recognize the key components of the Pacific Northwest's food system, and the complexities of the interactions between them.  [REASON] 
  3. Compare the practices and sustainable attributes of various models of ecological and industrialized agriculture.  [REASON] 
  4. Identify sustainable agricultural principles and practices.  [REASON] 
  5. Identify and compare the importance of various soil characteristics, ecology, and management for sustainable crop production.  [REASON] 
  6. Recognize the biological, chemical and physical conditions required for plant growth and reproduction, and identify how these are manipulated to enhance sustainable food production.  [REASON] 
  7. Recognize both biological cooperators and competitors and how they interact in sustainable crop production.  [REASON] 
  8. Identify energy alternatives and applications for large and small scale agricultural applications.  [REASON] 

HORT 106: Broadleaf Plant Identification

Credits: 5.0

Learn to recognize the principal broadleaf evergreens used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize the commonly used broadleaved evergreens of Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific (Latin) name, including family affiliation, and common name.  [REASON] 
  2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of the plants under study.  [COMMUNICATE] 

HORT 107: Conifer Plant Identification

Credits: 4.0

Learn to recognize the principal coniferous trees and shrubs used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Identify the commonly used coniferous trees and shrubs used in the Pacific Northwest by scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.  [REASON] 
  2. List the regions of origin and cultural requirements of plants under study.  [COMMUNICATE] 

HORT 108: Deciduous Plant Identification

Credits: 5.0

Learn to recognize the principal deciduous, flowering trees and shrubs used in Northwest gardens along with their culture and use. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize the commonly used deciduous, flowering trees and shrubs of Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.  [REASON] 
  2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of plants under study.  [COMMUNICATE] 

HORT 109: Soils and Plant Nutrition

Credits: 5.0

Soils of Puget Sound including their chemical, physical and mechanical properties. Native soils, commercial mixes, soil testing, soil amendments and application rates are covered with a sustainable focus. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher. MATH 080 or higher, HORT 102 and 174 or instructor permission.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize, integrate and evaluate information about the relationships between soil, water and plants in order to provide various solutions for common water issues.  [REASON] 
  2. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology (including field and lab examination of soil properties, soil analysis, and observed plant symptoms) to determine nutritional needs for successful growing of nursery and landscape plants.  [REASON] 
  3. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technology to calculate amounts of soils, mulches, amendments and fertilizers needed in various nursery and landscape situations.  [REASON] 
  4. Demonstrate knowledge of local soil formation and soil types that facilitates development of sustainable soil management and conservation practices in the Puget Sound.  [ACT] 
  5. Demonstrate knowledge about soil biology (organic matter, microorganisms, and macroorganisms) and its importance in creating healthy sustainable soil ecosystems.  [ACT] 

HORT 110: Pest Management Principles and Chemical Safety

Credits: 2.0

Introduction to the basic tenets of pest management, pesticide safety, and proper use of equipment. State license testing is required at an additional cost dependent upon type of test. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher and MATH 080 or higher.

Course Level Objectives

  1. List and describe the basic tenets of pest management.  [REASON] 
  2. List and describe the principal components of a sustainable pest management program including strategies for pest suppression.  [REASON] 
  3. Describe the principal types of pesticides and their general uses based on formulation, concentration, and sustainability.  [REASON] 
  4. Accurately interpret pesticide labels and safety requirements.  [REASON] 
  5. Calculate site area, formulation volumes, and equipment calibrations based on directions for pesticide use.  [ACT] 
  6. Pass the Washington State Department of Agriculture pesticide applicators exam.  [ACT] 

HORT 116: Plant Insects

Credits: 4.0

Insect pests, predators and parasites of Pacific Northwest ornamentals; lifecycles and damages; chemical and biologic control methods with a sustainable focus. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or instructor permission. Students encouraged to have taken HORT 106, 107, 108, and 110.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about the major types of pestiferous insects, plant hosts, along with signs and symptoms in order to successfully diagnose a variety of plant problems.  [REASON] 
  2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate insect-related plant health conditions and recommend control options given a variety of landscape situations.  [COMMUNICATE] 
  3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable method of control for a variety of common plant diseases.  [ACT] 

HORT 117: Pruning

Credits: 3.5

Principles of pruning including tools, techniques, timing and special treatment of Pacific Northwest ornamentals. Field experience is stressed, including ladder use. Students must supply their own by-pass hand pruners, folding saw, and rain gear.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information from multiple perspectives (lecture, reading and field practice) in order to make decisions about how to appropriately prune a variety of common landscape plants in different situations.  [REASON] 
  2. Work effectively within a group of 3-4 people to analyze a set of plants,explore different pruning options,select a pruning approach and defend the choice.  [COMMUNICATE] 
  3. Demonstrate professional pruning skills and knowledge with appropriate behaviors necessary for employability in the landscape industry.  [ACT] 

HORT 118: Introduction to Plant Pests

Credits: 6.0

Introduction to the most common disease and insect pests of NW landscapes and nurseries. Focus on diagnosing pest problems and best practice solutions with an Integrated Pest Management approach. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or EAP 121 or higher, HORT 102 or instructor permission. Students encouraged to have taken HORT 106, 107, 108, 109, and 110.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about the major types of plant diseases, plant hosts, and symptoms in order to successfully diagnose a variety of biotic and abiotic plant problems.  [REASON] 
  2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate plant health, identify plant diseases, and recommend control options given a variety of landscape situations.  [COMMUNICATE] 
  3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable method of disease control for a variety of common plant diseases.  [ACT] 

HORT 120: Landscape Appreciation

Credits: 2.0

This basic design course explores design elements and principles and their application in landscape design, maintenance, and other fields of horticulture.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Evaluate and apply the elements and principles of design to landscaped spaces.  [REASON] 
  2. Communicate findings and observations of creative models and processes through written and graphic means.  [COMMUNICATE] 

HORT 134: Interior Plants

Credits: 3.0

Tropical plants used in the home, office, and commercial sites. Information in the care of the most popular species including how to extend their life and vitality. Field trips and hands-on learning in the greenhouse and lab are important parts of the course. S/U grade option.

Course Level Objectives

  1. Recognize a variety of tropical plants by scientific name, family affiliation, and common name.  [REASON] 
  2. Analyze and evaluate tropical plant cultural requirements in order to diagnose and correct plant problems.  [REASON] 
  3. Demonstrate skills and knowledge for propagating common tropical plants.  [ACT] 

HORT 155: Special Topics

Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

Classes, workshops or seminars of current interest in Horticulture.

Course Level Objectives


    HORT 160: Woody Plants for Gardeners

    Credits: 5.0

    Interested in learning 250 of the most commonly used woody landscape plants? This class is a primer on trees and shrubs for Northwest gardens. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field sites on your own.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Recognize broadleaved evergreens, coniferous, and deciduous trees and shrubs commonly used in Pacific Northwest gardens by their scientific (Latin) name, including family affiliation, and common name.  [REASON] 
    2. List the regions of origin and cultivation requirements of the plants under study.  [COMMUNICATE] 

    HORT 170: Fall Garden Practices

    Credits: 3.0

    Introduces students to basic landscape installation and maintenance practices for fall, balling and burlapping, lawn and bed maintenance; proper planting techniques. Safe and efficient operation of equipment is stressed. S/U grade option.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Demonstrate safe practices in selection, lifting, transport, handling and cleanup of tools.  [ACT] 
    2. Demonstrate and describe proper tree and shrub installation.  [REASON] 
    3. Describe fall weed control methods and techniques.  [COMMUNICATE] 
    4. Describe fall bulb planting techniques.  [COMMUNICATE] 

    HORT 172: Spring Garden Practices

    Credits: 3.0

    Introduction to basic landscape installation and maintenance practices for spring shrub/tree planting, staking, turf aeration/ thatching, mowing, edging, fertilizing, and more. Safe and efficient operation of equipment is stressed. S/U grade option.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Demonstrate safe practices in selection, lifting, transport, handling and cleanup of landscape tools.  [ACT] 
    2. Demonstrate and describe proper landscape planting techniques of groundcovers and herbaceous plants.  [COMMUNICATE] 
    3. Demonstrate and describe soil preparation and lay sod.  [ACT] 
    4. Describe lawn maintenance techniques.  [COMMUNICATE] 

    HORT 174: Horticulture Tools and Materials

    Credits: 4.0

    Selection, use and sizing of materials and plants as well as the maintenance and safe use of tools and equipment for landscaping and nursery use. Estimating quantities of materials for typical horticultural applications. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 080 or higher.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Locate, evaluate and apply information in order to select materials for a variety of landscape and nursery applications.  [REASON] 
    2. Analyze landscape plans and specifications to determine materials and quantities required for landscape installation and maintenance.  [REASON] 
    3. Exchange or present information on common materials used in the landscape and nursery industry.  [COMMUNICATE] 

    HORT 191: Horticulture Internship

    Credits: 1.0 to 5.0

    Independent training experience at horticultural institutions, businesses, farms, and food system enterprises or with professional mentors. Students are directly involved with development of planning of projects and their objectives. S/U grade option. Permit code required. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Fulfill the job requirements of their internship provider.  [ACT] 

    HORT 192: Horticultural Careers

    Credits: 1.5

    Overview of horticultural careers, industry professionals present career information to familiarize students with career choices, requirements, benefits, and challenges. S/U grade option.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technologies to prepare a self assessment.  [REASON] 
    2. Analyze, synthesize and evaluate career information presented by green industry professionals.  [REASON] 
    3. Present information about currently available careers in horticulture through a variety of verbal and written means.  [COMMUNICATE] 

    HORT 196: Introduction to the Nursery and Greenhouse

    Credits: 3.0

    Explore greenhouse/nursery operations and basic plant production requirements in a hands-on approach to learning at our college nursery facility. Field trips to commercial operations. S/U grade option.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Demonstrate rudimentary skills in greenhouse/nursery facility operation, maintenance, and plant culture including manual irrigation of crops, handling and use of growing medium, fertilizer application, crop transplanting, crop labeling, select techniques in plant propagation, pest monitoring and documentation.  [REASON] 

    HORT 198: Individual Project in Horticulture

    Credits: 1.0 to 5.0

    Independent study of a student-selected project or approved experience in the field of horticulture. S/U grade option. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available. Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.

    Course Level Objectives

    1. Complete an independent project (research of expression) on a focused area of interest or need.  [ACT] 
    2. Develop specific concepts or materials relevant to Horticulture industry.  [ACT] 
    3. Develop, with guidance, a comprehensive approach or activity that supplements practiced skills.  [ACT] 
    4. Develop, implement, and complete a total project adhering to established procedures and due dates.  [REASON] 

    HORT 199: Special Projects

    Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

    Requires research in areas not specifically covered in other coursework. Credit available with approval. S/U grade option.

    Course Level Objectives


      HORT 204: Ferns and Fern Allies

      Credits: 2.0

      Learn to recognize, grow, and propagate an ancient group of plants that predated the dinosaurs, provided their food, and outlived them to become coveted garden plants for people. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify the major genera of ferns and fern allies and their cultural needs.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify the common pests, diseases and environmental maladies of ferns and suggest remedies.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Describe propagation techniques of ferns in both sexual and asexual methods.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Determine and discuss landscape uses and placement of these plants.  [REASON] 

      HORT 207: Native Plants in the Landscape

      Credits: 2.0

      Identify principal native plant communities of Washington state through class work and field trips. Examine cultural requirements and garden attributes. Be prepared to arrive and depart from field trip sites on your own. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. List the principal floristic zones of Washington state.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify key floristic indicator trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants as well as restorative and garden worthy representatives.  [REASON] 
      3. Research and analyze the cultural requirements of various native plants.  [REASON] 

      HORT 210: Mixed Border Practicum

      Credits: 3.0

      Hands-on experience in the management and care of large, mixed herbaceous borders. Class may include seed collection, pruning, soil prep, mulching, weeding, propagation, transplanting, design, and renovation of the borders at Bellevue Botanical Garden.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe and follow safe practices in selection, handling, transport and cleanup of landscape tools.  [ACT] 
      2. Demonstrate and describe sustainable care of shrubs, sub-shrubs, herbaceous plants and vines.  [REASON] 
      3. Describe and demonstrate propagation of perennials by division.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Describe and demonstrate effective team skills.  [ACT] 

      HORT 211: Spring Flowering Herbaceous Plants

      Credits: 3.5

      Spring flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize spring flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials common in Pacific Northwest gardens by scientific (Latin), common name, and family affiliation.  [REASON] 
      2. Describe the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 212: Summer Flowering Herbaceous Plants

      Credits: 2.5

      Summer flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize summer flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials by scientific (Latin), common name and family affiliation.  [REASON] 
      2. List the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 213: Fall Flowering Herbaceous Plants

      Credits: 2.5

      Fall flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials for Northwest gardens; learn to identify, appreciate and utilize this season's noteworthy stars as you visit them in a variety of settings. S/U grade option. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102. Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize fall flowering annuals, bulbs and perennials by scientific (Latin), common name, and family affiliation.  [REASON] 
      2. List the cultural requirements and landscape uses of the above plants.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 218: Hedges, Screens and Espaliers

      Credits: 1.0

      The selection of plant for hedges and special approaches (espalier, pleaching, etc.). Pruning, renovation, site preparation and planting are covered. A field trip is integral to this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the site on your own. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze a site in order to find the best plant available.  [REASON] 
      2. Evaluate a variety of plants adaptability for hedging.  [REASON] 
      3. Define the steps needed to prepare an area for planting a hedge.  [REASON] 

      HORT 221: Plants in the Landscape

      Credits: 3.0

      Not only a review of outside woody plants but also a look at how they can be used in the landscape keeping in mind their environmental tolerances and aesthetic qualities. Successful plant combinations will be explored with on-site visitations. Prerequisite(s): HORT 106, 107, and 108 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze and discuss site conditions that influence plant health.  [REASON] 
      2. Explore critically and creatively a variety of garden sites for aesthetics and sustainable garden practices.  [EXPLORE] 
      3. Define and select suitable plants for given sites.  [REASON] 

      HORT 223: Japanese Garden Arts

      Credits: 2.0

      Exploration of Japanese gardens in reference to the American landscape. Topics discussed include history, design, construction and maintenance. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Define and describe the interaction of a variety of arts and crafts from Japan with the art of garden design.  [REASON] 
      2. Describe and identify basic design principles within Japanese Gardens.  [REASON] 
      3. Identify the influence of Japanese Gardens in modern western landscape design.  [REASON] 

      HORT 224: Design Presentation

      Credits: 3.0

      Provides background training in the creation of a professional level plot plan. Topics include scales, lettering, and layout for a legible plan. Learn basics of selection/elevations and perspective sketching. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technologies to create landscape plans, section/elevation, one-point perspectives and quick perspective sketches.  [REASON] 
      2. Communicate results of creative and analytical thought through conventional landscape graphics.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 225: Unusual Plants for Modern/Gardens

      Credits: 4.0

      Observe and learn to utilize many of the best new and unusual woody ornamentals available for the modern garden. Visits to specialty nurseries and area private gardens will be scheduled.  Field trips are an integral part of this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart from the sites on your own.  Prerequisite(s): HORT 102 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize woody plants introduced to the nursery trade within the last 10 years for use in the Puget Sound landscape.  [REASON] 
      2. Analyze and evaluate information that defines current trends in the landscape and nursery trade.  [REASON] 
      3. Exchange or present information and perspectives through written and verbal means about the plants covered in this class.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 226: Rock Garden Plants

      Credits: 2.0

      Introduction to cultivation of alpine and rock garden plants in the Pacific Northwest. Topics include common and rare plants, rock gardening, and alpines in pots. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify common and rare rock garden plants along with their cultural tolerances.  [REASON] 
      2. Define and describe construction methods of rock gardens.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Analyze site and design considerations.  [REASON] 

      HORT 227: Container Gardening

      Credits: 3.0

      Container gardens for effective displays. Soils, drainage, containers, fertilizers, plant combinations, maintenance and preservation practices are considered. Hands on experience included.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze and describe the special growth conditions imposed by containers.  [REASON] 
      2. Design container combinations suitable for the Pacific Northwest in a variety of sun/shade exposures and design styles.  [EXPLORE] 
      3. Describe and demonstrate industry accepted practices in container maintenance.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 228: Field Sketching

      Credits: 3.0

      Drawing techniques that will help develop ideas and facilitate designer/client communication. Class will include field trips to area gardens for sketching practice.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to gain sketching skills and interact respectfully through critical and imaginative expression.  [REASON] 
      2. Use creative and critical processes to compare and contrast a variety of drawing styles.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 229: Plant Propagation

      Credits: 3.0

      Hands-on introduction to seed collecting, treatment, germination; handling, preparation, treatment and rooting of cuttings; grafting tools and the preparation of grafts; and a field trip to examine how micropropagation in tissue culture is accomplished. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Correctly identify, properly handle, and successfully process propagules to produce new plants.  [REASON] 
      2. Recognize and solve rudimentary problems in the plant propagation process.  [REASON] 
      3. Accurately document the plant propagation process using the vocabulary of propagation and plant nomenclature.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Make appropriate use of tools, materials, substances, and environments for propagating plants.  [ACT] 

      HORT 231: Micropropagation Laboratory

      Credits: 1.0

      A hands-on laboratory to prepare and produce plants using micropropagation. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and describe each stage of micropropagation.  [REASON] 
      2. Organize and sanitize a tissue culture work space.  [ACT] 
      3. Establish propagules in aseptic culture.  [ACT] 
      4. Multiply developing propagules in aseptic culture.  [ACT] 
      5. Establish cultured shoots in rooting medium.  [ACT] 

      HORT 232: Grafting

      Credits: 1.0

      Hands-on laboratory to prepare and graft several kinds of plants to take home. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize the common types of grafts used in horticulture and be familiar with their horticultural history and purpose.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and use the tools and materials necessary to perform successful grafts.  [REASON] 
      3. Successfully perform cleft, whip and veneer grafts when required.  [ACT] 

      HORT 233: Seed Propagation Lab

      Credits: 1.0

      Hands-on laboratory to gain additional experience propagating plants from seed with an in-depth examination of seed selection, the development of seed lines and seed germination requirements. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe genetic implications and issues affecting seed propagation.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify various methods for harvesting, storing, and processing seeds.  [REASON] 
      3. Identify and apply appropriate treatments to remove various types of seed dormancies.  [REASON] 
      4. Describe various methods for controlling seed pollination.  [REASON] 
      5. Describe various seed propagation systems.  [REASON] 
      6. Successfully prepare and sow seeds for germination.  [ACT] 

      HORT 234: Hardwood Cuttings Lab

      Credits: 1.0

      Hands-on laboratory with a special focus on the handling, preparation, treatment, and rooting of hardwood cuttings with an in-depth examination of the special attributes of hardwood cutting propagation. Prerequisite(s): HORT 229 recommended.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify various methods for harvesting, storing, and preparing cuttings.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify various types of cutting treatments.  [REASON] 
      3. Describe various cutting propagation systems.  [REASON] 
      4. Successfully prepare and set cuttings for rooting.  [ACT] 

      HORT 236: Nursery and Greenhouse Operations

      Credits: 4.0

      Explore the principal facets of wholesale nursery and greenhouse operation and management including spatial organization, facilities, plant production systems, and marketing. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 102 and HORT 196 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify the major segments of a production nursery and greenhouse business plan.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and describe the common types of greenhouses, nursery configurations, and factors impacting their siting and orientation.  [REASON] 
      3. Identify and describe the principal biotic and abiotic factors limiting the successful growth of greenhouse and nursery crops.  [REASON] 
      4. Describe the basic principles of crop selection, marketing, and nursery / greenhouse management.  [REASON] 
      5. Describe the principal business practices important to successful production nursery and greenhouse operation-function as part of a group.  [REASON] 
      6. Develop and implement a production plan for a nursery and a greenhouse crop.  [REASON] 

      HORT 241: Vegetable, Herb and Flower Production I

      Credits: 2.0

      Design, organize, and prepare the growing area, and propagate, plant, cultivate, and harvest a diverse crop of winter organic vegetable, herb, and flower crops suitable for Pacific Northwest winter production with an emphasis on biointensive, polycultural systems.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Develop a schedule for a polycultural cropping system(s) in continuous production.  [REASON] 
      2. Prepare growing spaces and manage soil fertility for winter vegetable, herb, and flower production.  [REASON] 
      3. Sustainably manage all limiting factors for winter vegetable, herb, and flower production.  [ACT] 
      4. Propagate, grow, and harvest winter vegetable, herb, and flower crops.  [REASON] 
      5. Identify and select bio-regionally appropriate vegetable, herb, and flower crops for seasonal, successive, and biointensive growing.  [REASON] 
      6. Describe and implement cultural requirements for bio-regionally appropriate vegetable, herb, and flower crops.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      7. Implement season extending techniques for year-round production.  [REASON] 

      HORT 242: Introduction to Arboriculture

      Credits: 3.0

      Covers basics of arboriculture and tree management, including tree physiology, selection, maintenance and common landscape problems. International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) standards will be discussed. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze, synthesize and evaluate data necessary to assess tree risk and appraise tree value based on current International Society of Arboriculture accepted practices and procedures.  [REASON] 
      2. Acquire and apply information about tree problem diagnosis and management methods.  [REASON] 
      3. Communicate information about the variety of career options in the field of arboriculture.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Demonstrate skills and knowledge of appropriate sustainable practices for tree selection, installation, establishment, pruning and maintenance.  [ACT] 

      HORT 244: Vegetable Production II

      Credits: 2.0

      Prepare the growing area and propagate, plant, cultivate, and harvest a diverse crop of organic vegetable, herb, and flower crops suitable for the Pacific Northwest with an emphasis on biointensive, polycultural systems.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and list a variety of different vegetables well adapted for cultivation in the Pacific Northwest.  [REASON] 
      2. Define and describe the tenets of biointensive vegetable garden design and illustrate those tenets in a legible drawing.  [REASON] 
      3. Identify, analyze and evaluate soil test information to determine soil condition, necessary cultivation practices, and amendment for biointensive, organic vegetable culture.  [REASON] 
      4. Apply appropriate tools and technique for successful crop establishment and cultivation.  [ACT] 

      HORT 245: Vegetable, Herb, and Flower Production III

      Credits: 2.0

      Prepare the growing area and propagate, plant, cultivate, and harvest a diverse crop of organic vegetable, herb, and flower crops suitable for the Pacific Northwest with an emphasis on biointensive, polycultural systems.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze, synthesize, integrate, and evaluate ideas and information from multiple perspectives in order to maintain friable, hydrated, and nutritive soil conditions for sustainable, organic vegetable production.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and describe appropriate marketing techniques and venues.  [REASON] 
      3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques, and technology to manage potential pest organisms for sustainable, organic vegetable production.  [ACT] 
      4. Demonstrate skills and knowledge of crop scheduling and the implementation of sustainable vegetable harvest techniques for maximum yield.  [ACT] 

      HORT 247: Fruit, Nut, and Berry Production I

      Credits: 2.0

      Fruit, nut, and berry cropping systems design, layout, and planning as well as plant selection, propagation, planting, and cultivation for sustainable and extended production in the Pacific Northwest.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Recognize the most common woody fruit and nut producing plants for personal and commercial use in the Pacific Northwest.  [REASON] 
      2. List the origins and cultural requirements for the above plants.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Produce a one year management plan for two types of established fruit and/or nut producing woody plants.  [REASON] 

      HORT 250: Introduction to Restoration Ecology

      Credits: 4.0

      Introduction to the basic tenets of restoration ecology with a focus on the revegetation and repair of degraded and abandoned land as well as mitigating urbanization.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Define and distinguish between the concepts of restoration ecology, ecological restoration, reclamation and rehabilitation.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and interpret "natural capital" and its restoration.  [REASON] 
      3. Estimate the degree of degradation to an ecosystem using reference ecosystems.  [REASON] 
      4. Define restoration thresholds.  [REASON] 
      5. Set restoration goals and identify appropriate restoration options and tools.  [ACT] 
      6. Measure and evaluate restoration success.  [ACT] 
      7. Identify and analyze a variety of methods used for monitoring and maintenance of ecological restoration projects.  [ACT] 

      HORT 251: Restoration Horticulture

      Credits: 5.0

      Horticultural principles associated with ecological restoration with applied projects in re-vegetation and habitat restoration. Prerequisite(s): HORT 250.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe, compare, and contrast a full array of standard and horticultural techniques used in the planning and process of ecological restoration.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify a project site(s), plan, and implement a low impact development and/or classic restoration project.  [REASON] 
      3. Analyze and evaluate the status of current and completed restoration projects.  [REASON] 
      4. Compare horticultural techniques used in restoration to traditional horticultural practices.  [REASON] 

      HORT 252: Low Impact Landscaping

      Credits: 3.0

      Introduction to horticultural and landscape technologies that mitigate the impact and disturbance of urban development on natural systems. These include bioswales, rain gardens, green roofs, and other green infrastructure.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and interpret ecosystem services commonly disrupted by urban and suburban development.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and interpret the effectiveness of low impact development horticultural solutions to mitigate the impact of urban development on ecosystem services.  [REASON] 
      3. Propose, design, and estimate the cost of construction for a low impact horticulture solution to help restore an ecosystem service(s) to an urban development.  [REASON] 

      HORT 253: Fruit, Nut and Berry Production II

      Credits: 2.0

      Cropping-systems design, layout, and planning, as well as, plant selection, propagation, planting, and cultivation of spring fruit, nut, and berry crops for sustainable and extended production in the Pacific Northwest.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Manage soil fertility for sustainable spring fruit, nut, and berry production.  [ACT] 
      2. Manage all limiting factors for sustainable spring fruit, nut, and berry production.  [ACT] 
      3. Sustainably propagate, grow, and harvest fruit, nut, and berry crops.  [ACT] 
      4. Describe cultural requirements for bio-regionally appropriate spring fruit, nut, and berry crops.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      5. Demonstrate sustainable pruning, propagation, and training techniques for spring fruit, nut, and berry crops.  [REASON] 
      6. Describe and demonstrate sustainable harvest and storage requirements and techniques for spring fruit, nut, and berry crops.  [REASON] 

      HORT 254: Fruit, Nut, and Berry Production III

      Credits: 2.0

      Preparing, planting, cultivating organic small fruit crops suitable for the Pacific Northwest with an emphasis on biointensive practices including soil preparation, transplantation, and crop training. Prerequisite(s): HORT 102 and HORT 117 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and list different clones of small fruits representing at least four different genera well adapted for cultivation in the Pacific Northwest.  [REASON] 
      2. Define and describe the tenets of biointensive design and illustrate those tenets in a legible drawing that will facilitate healthy plant growth, cultivation, and harvest.  [REASON] 
      3. Analyze, synthesize, integrate, and evaluate soil conditions in order to apply the appropriate amendments and cultivation practices for sustainable, organic small fruit culture.  [REASON] 
      4. Apply appropriate tools and techniques for successful crop establishment and culture.  [ACT] 

      HORT 255: Horticultural Seminars

      Credits: Maximum of 5.0 possible

      Subject matter of topical interest. S/U grade option.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 256: Ecological Design For Urban Agriculture

      Credits: 4.0

      An introduction to a whole-systems approach to urban agriculture involving applied concepts of agroecology, permaculture, and special cropping systems applications for roofs, walls, containers and other urban contexts.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Demonstrate a whole systems approach to agriculture, farm design, and organization.  [REASON] 
      2. Use images, maps and discussion to demonstrate rudimentary observational skills in landscape ecology.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Analyze and designate appropriately scaled farm elements within a whole systems context.  [REASON] 
      4. Select, design, install, and manage vertical and rooftop production systems.  [REASON] 
      5. Select, design, install, and manage growing systems for building-specific microclimates.  [REASON] 
      6. Identify and interpret the added low impact and sustainability values of these systems (i.e., storm water management, energy efficiency, etc.)  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 257: Urban Farming Systems and Practices

      Credits: 5.0

      A study of urban farming enterprises and entrepreneurship: their organization, community connections, business requirements, cropping systems, and daily operations.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and discuss urban farming enterprise models, their business management, and the elements of urban farming entrepreneurship.  [REASON] 
      2. Illustrate and explain urban farming organization.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. List, describe, compare and contrast urban farming cropping systems.  [REASON] 
      4. Describe, compare and contrast product marketing opportunities and alternatives.  [REASON] 

      HORT 262: Landscape Design I

      Credits: 6.0

      Residential landscape design based on a seven step process. This class is for the professional with emphasis on usable outdoor spaces. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 120 and 224 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to explore concepts and perspectives in order to develop landscape designs that are site and client specific.  [REASON] 
      2. Locate, acquire, evaluate, and apply information in order to prepare landscape basemaps, site surveys and site analysis.  [REASON] 
      3. Use appropriate tools, techniques and technology to communicate effectively with clients and professionals in the landscape industry.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 263: Landscape Design II

      Credits: 6.0

      Continuation of planting design principles from HORT 262 applied to residential and small commercial landscapes. Design and preparation of planting plans and schedules. Professional presentation emphasized. Prerequisite(s): Placement in BRDGE 093 or higher, HORT 106, 107, 108, 224, 262, or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze, synthesize, integrate and evaluate principles of planting design theory in the context of spatial design.  [REASON] 
      2. Engage in imaginative and critical inquiry to explore planting schemes in the field and during the planning stages using criteria of sound horticulture and aesthetics.  [REASON] 
      3. Prepare professional level planting plans and schedules, estimating quantity and sizes of plants required.  [REASON] 
      4. Demonstrate appropriate techniques and technologies to present and deliver oral presentations to clients.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      5. Demonstrate skills and knowledge associated with the responsible stewardship sustainability of the managed landscape through planting design.  [ACT] 

      HORT 264: CADD for Landscape

      Credits: 3.0

      Introduction to computer-aided drafting using professional CADD software as a tool for landscape design. Navigate CADD to generate base and planting plans, import and export to AutoCAD, and utilize a labeling program that provides plant lists and bid packages. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or higher and MATH 080 or higher. Basic proficiency in navigating a MS Windows 98/2000/XP environment. HORT 262 or equivalent.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Develop residential landscape plans in a CADD 2-D drawing program.  [REASON] 
      2. Evaluate and apply information from a landscape plan to develop cost estimates using commercial software.  [REASON] 
      3. Utilize plan, elevation and section drawings completed in CADD as communication, marketing and sales tools.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 269: Horticulture Business Practices

      Credits: 4.0

      Introduction to business practices essential to the operation of a successful landscape or nursery business. Basic record keeping, planning, bidding, and estimating contracts, and responsibilities. Prerequisite(s): Placement into BRDGE 093 or higher and MATH 080 or higher. Knowledge of Word and Excel recommended.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Complete Washington state Master Business Application online.  [ACT] 
      2. Define and describe the necessary resources, licenses and permits needed to run a landscaping business in Washington state.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Develop a basic business plan utilizing a template.  [REASON] 
      4. Define and describe basic book keeping requirements for a small business.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 270: Restorative Design Solutions

      Credits: 3.0

      Pragmatic approach to site design emphasizing restorative approaches to a variety of disturbed landscapes. Students will complete site analysis, program development, planting plans and plant schedules for a site. Prerequisite(s): HORT 160 or 106, 107 and 108; HORT 207 and 250.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and analyze site conditions that influence hydrology and plant communities.  [REASON] 
      2. Develop planting plans and schedules that restore wildlife habitat, reduce surface runoff and improve water quality.  [REASON] 
      3. Describe and illustrate the restoration principles for successful site design.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Define and describe the goals of low-impact development.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 272: Hydro- and Aquaponic Production Systems

      Credits: 3.0

      An introduction to sustainable hydroponic crop production and aquaponics. Aquaponics is sustainable aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks), combined with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Design, build, and maintain a working hydroponic or aquaponic system.  [REASON] 
      2. Troubleshoot and repair hydroponic and aquaponic systems.  [REASON] 
      3. Identify and source parts, materials, and plants and animals for systems.  [REASON] 
      4. Select, propagate, and sustainably cultivate plants and aquatic animals for sale as food products.  [ACT] 
      5. Manage limiting factors to sustainable hydro- and aquaponic food production.  [REASON] 
      6. Monitor and maintain water quality and fertility for production.  [REASON] 

      HORT 275: Landscape Construction Techniques-Wood

      Credits: 3.5

      Introduces basic wood construction techniques and the use of basic hand and power tools. Students will become familiar with choosing appropriate wood products and fasteners as well as practice skills through the construction of some simple carpentry projects. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 080 or higher, HORT 103, 174.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe and demonstrate wood construction techniques.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      2. Describe and demonstrate safe hand and power tool operation.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Define appropriate fasteners for wood construction applications.  [REASON] 
      4. Demonstrate basic carpentry skills.  [ACT] 

      HORT 276: Landscape Construction Techniques-Concrete/Stone

      Credits: 3.5

      Introduces basic concrete and masonry construction techniques. Appropriate material choices and site preparation included. Students practice skills through construction of simple projects. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 080 or higher, HORT 103, 174.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and describe the aesthetic and functional aspects of available materials for construction of landscape paths, patios and walls.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify and describe construction techniques of paving with concrete, pavers and stone.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Demonstrate appropriate techniques to estimate quantities of materials required for a patio or path.  [REASON] 
      4. Demonstrate skills and knowledge in order to construct and set a wooden form for a small concrete pour.  [ACT] 

      HORT 277: Landscape Lighting

      Credits: 1.0

      Technical knowledge and skills to create more garden visibility, drama and exotic nighttime effects with lights. S/U grade. Prerequisite(s): MATH 080 placement or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe basic components of landscape lighting.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      2. Measure and calculate the number and spacing of lights for particular situations.  [REASON] 

      HORT 278: Landscape Construction Design

      Credits: 4.0

      Covers the preparation of landscape construction drawings including layout, grading and construction details. Basic drafting conventions and techniques are also taught and practiced. Prerequisite(s): HORT 174 and placement into MATH 080 or higher.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze data to solve grading and slope calculations.  [REASON] 
      2. Use plane geometry to develop site layout plans.  [REASON] 
      3. Describe and discuss results of analytical processes for suitability of construction materials and techniques through appropriate graphic and written modes.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      4. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate sustainable practices in landscape design and installation.  [ACT] 

      HORT 280: Weed Identification and Management

      Credits: 3.0

      Learn to recognize weed and invasive plants and their weak points to better manage them in landscapes and nurseries; chemical and nonchemical programs. Prerequisite(s): HORT 110 or instructor permission and placement into MATH 080 or higher.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Analyze, synthesize and integrate information about a variety of weedy plants and control options to develop weed management plans (including weed identification, control choices, and costs) for specific site situations.  [REASON] 
      2. Work effectively in groups to evaluate a variety of sites, identify common weeds, and recommend appropriate control options (including cultural, mechanical, biological and chemical).  [COMMUNICATE] 
      3. Apply appropriate tools, techniques and technology to facilitate selection of the least toxic and most sustainable methods of weed control for a variety of landscape, nursery and natural area weed situations.  [ACT] 

      HORT 281: Sustainable Lawn Installation

      Credits: 1.0

      Concepts behind designing and installing a sustainable lawn. Industry calculations for drainage, water infiltration, materials used.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe and define sustainable turf criteria for the landscape.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      2. Calculate necessary amounts of sod, seed, bulk materials and fertilizer necessary for installation and maintenance of any given area.  [REASON] 

      HORT 282: Sustainable Lawn Management

      Credits: 1.0

      Dynamics of sustainable turf maintenance including weed, insect, and disease control, fertilization and cultural requirements.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe and define the dynamics of sustainable turf maintenance including weed, insect, and disease control, fertilization and cultural requirements.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      2. Perform calculations regarding quantities of topdressing, fertilizers and pesticides required for a specific turf area.  [REASON] 

      HORT 283: Groundcovers

      Credits: 1.0

      Viable alternatives to turf as well as plantings beneath shrubs and trees; consideration given to difficult sites where turf is not an option. A field trip is integral to this class. Be prepared to arrive and depart on your own.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Describe and identify sites where groundcovers would be viable alternatives to turf.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify a variety of groundcover plants appropriate for Pacific Northwest gardens and their cultural needs.  [REASON] 
      3. Calculate the number of plants needed for specific sites.  [REASON] 

      HORT 284: Irrigation Design

      Credits: 5.0

      Wise use of water from proper system design and installation through maintenance and management. Learn the most effective way to water a landscape including head spacing, hydraulics, installation and controller scheduling. Efficient water use stressed.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Define and describe sprinkler components and their functions (including the multiple styles used today) and their general location.  [REASON] 
      2. Design a basic irrigation system utilizing appropriate sprinkler heads, nozzles, valves and pipes.  [REASON] 
      3. Program and troubleshoot sprinkler controllers for sustainably managed landscapes.  [REASON] 
      4. Describe basic sprinkler system maintenance and repair procedures.  [COMMUNICATE] 
      5. Draft, to scale, a basic irrigation system.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 286: Landscape Maintenance and Renovations

      Credits: 4.0

      Design and maintenance are blended into renovation issues. Site analysis of existing plants and problems such as insects, diseases, spacing, etc. are worked into projected plans and management scheduling. Hands-on project and site project required.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Develop a check list to identify biotic and abiotic stresses on plants in the landscape.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify design flaws contributing to the need for excessive and unsustainable landscape management.  [REASON] 
      3. Synthesize the stress checklist and design flaws into a series of renovation recommendations.  [REASON] 
      4. Implement landscape renovation recommendations.  [ACT] 
      5. Develop a 12 month landscape management plan.  [REASON] 

      HORT 287: Low Volume Irrigation

      Credits: 2.0

      Interpret, assemble, and design low-volume irrigation, including drip systems, in context with landscape design/existing gardens as a designer, installer, and maintenance professional. Prerequisite(s): Placement into MATH 080 or higher.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Identify and describe the material and tools used in the installation of low-volume irrigation systems.  [REASON] 
      2. Identify the various kinds of low-volume irrigation systems and contrast their applications.  [REASON] 
      3. Install a complete low-volume system.  [ACT] 

      HORT 295: Final Project

      Credits: 1.0

      The second year project is oriented toward career goals using training and experience in a practical demonstration of competency. The project should be taken during the last quarter of your program and arranged with your advisor. S/U grade option. Permit code required.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Demonstrate their ability to apply training and problem-solving techniques to realistic situations in design, landscaping or maintenance projects.  [REASON] 
      2. Provide evidence of skills in order to convince future clients of abilities and experience.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 296: Greenhouse/Nursery Practicum I

      Credits: 3.0

      The summary course for second year nursery/greenhouse students involving the production of crops. HORT 297 should follow. S/U grade option. Three additional lab hours per week to be arranged.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Create a crop production plan.  [ACT] 
      2. Propagate and produce crops for sale.  [ACT] 
      3. Document crop production activities in a comprehensive record.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 297: Greenhouse/Nursery Practicum II

      Credits: 3.0

      Continuation of HORT 296 focusing on the continued production and growth of greenhouse and/or nursery crops. S/U grade option. Three additional lab hours per week to be arranged. Prerequisite(s): HORT 296 or instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Create a crop production plan.  [ACT] 
      2. Propagate and produce crops for sale.  [ACT] 
      3. Document crop production activities in a comprehensive record.  [COMMUNICATE] 

      HORT 298: Individual Project in Horticulture

      Credits: 1.0 to 5.0

      Study of student-selected project or approved experience in the field of horticulture. S/U grade option. Registration permitted first seven weeks as space is available. Prerequisite(s): Instructor permission.

      Course Level Objectives

      1. Demonstrate learning objectives as determined by the supervising instructor.  [COMMUNICATE]